Hakluyt endeavours to explain this on the margin
by Malasmi. It is
possible the river Banjar, and the port of Masseen, otherwise called
Bendermassin, or Banjar-massin, in the great island of Borneo, may be
here indicated. Panten, Petan, or perhaps Bentam, is perhaps a small
woody island mentioned by Marco Polo, near great Java or Borneo. The
names of places, however, in these early travellers, have been so
confounded by ignorant transcribers as often to defy all criticism.
 This seems an ill-collected account of Sago.—E.
 The Pacific Ocean, the navigation of which was
then so much unknown,
that those who ventured to navigate it never returned.—E
 Probably Siampa, called likewise Ciampa, and Tsiompa.—E.
 In the Latin, this number is decies millesies
et quatuor, which may
even be read 14,000; certainly a vast exaggeration either way.—E.
Of vast multitudes of Fish, which throw themselves on the dry Land.
The following most wonderful circumstance is to be observed in this country of Siampa. All the kinds of fishes which frequent those seas, swim towards the shore at certain times in such abundance, that nothing can be seen for a great way but the backs of fishes. The fish throw themselves upon the shore, and for the space of three days allow the people to take up as many of them as they please. At the end of these three days this shoal returns again to sea, and a different kind comes to the shore in the same manner, and remains for a similar period. And in the same way, all other kinds of fish in these seas come to the shore in succession, each kind by itself. This strange phenomenon happens once every year, and the natives pretend that the fishes are taught by nature to do this, in token of homage to their emperor. I saw many other strange things in this country, which would be incredible to any one who had not seen them; and among these, I may mention that they have tortoises as large as ovens. In this country, the bodies of their dead are burned, and the living wives are burned along with their dead husbands, as has been already mentioned when describing the customs of the city of Polumbrum; and they are believed by this means to accompany their husbands into the other world.
Travelling from this country to the southward, along the coast of the ocean, I passed through many countries and islands, one of which is called Moumoran, and is 2000 miles in circumference. The people of this country, both men and women, go naked, except a small cloth before the middle of their bodies. They have dogs faces, and worship an ox as their god, and all of them wear the image of an ox in gold or silver on their foreheads. The men are very tall and strong, and when they go to battle, they carry