and constrains the people to make use of extraordinary
expedients to preserve their lives. In this
place, their ships or barks are called jase
the planks of which are sewed together with hemp.
Embarking in one of these vessels, in which I could
find no iron whatever, I arrived in twenty-eight days
sail at Thana, in which place four of our friars
suffered martyrdom for the Christian faith. This
country is well situated for trade, and has abundance
of bread and wine, and of all other articles necessary
for the food of man. The kingdom in ancient times
was very large and populous, and was under the dominion
of King Porus, who fought a great battle with Alexander
the Macedonian conqueror. The inhabitants are
idolaters, worshipping the fire, and likewise paying
divine honours to serpents, and even to trees.
The Saracens have conquered the whole of this land,
and are themselves under subjection to king Daldili.
In this country there are great numbers of black lions;
apes and monkies are also very numerous, and their
bats are as large as our pigeons. They have rats
also, as large as the dogs in Italy, which are hunted
by means of dogs, as cats are unable to cope with them.
In this country every one has a bundle of great boughs
of trees, as large as a pillar, standing in a pot
of water before the door; and there are many other
strange and wonderful novelties, a relation of which
would be exceedingly delightful.
 By lower India, our author seems here to indicate
provinces of Persia.—E.
 Tantus est calor, quod virilia hominum exeunt
corpus, et descendant
usque at mediam tibiarum:
ideo faciunt unctionum, et ungunt illa, et
in, quibusdam sacculis ponunt
circa se cingentes, et aliter
 This place seems to have been Tatta, in the Delta
of the Indus.—E.
 This unknown king, rex Daldili, is probably an
error in translating
from the Venetian or Friul
dialect of Oderic into Monkish Latin, and
may have been originally Il
Re dal Deli, or the King of Delhi.—E.
Of the Martyrdom of the Friars[l].
Four of our friars, Tolentinus de Marchia, James of
Padua, Demetrius, a lay brother, and Peter de Senis,
suffered martyrdom in the city of Thana. These
friars had engaged for their passage at Ormus to Polumbrum,
but were forcibly carried to Thana, where there are
fifteen houses of Christians, schismatics of the Nestorian
communion, and on their arrival they were hospitably
entertained in one of these houses. A strife happened
to take place between the man of that house and his
wife, in which the man beat his wife severely.
She complained to the kadi, who interrogated her how
she could prove her assertion. On which she answered
that there were four priests of the Franks who were
present, and could attest the bad usage she had received.