If Li, from 2-1/2 to 3-1/2 miles.—E.
 Supposing Kua-hing to have been Quan-sai, no
city appears in the
direction indicated in the text for the situation of Gampu. But if we
might venture to suppose north-east an error for south, the city of
Hanfcheou is nearly at the distance mentioned by Marco, and stands at
the bottom of a deep bay of the ocean, in a very convenient situation
for trade, communicating with Kua-hing by the great canal—E.
 Multiplying this number of families by five,
would give a population
of eight millions of individuals of every age and sex. Fortunately
Marco permits us to suppose that this population belonged to the
viceroyalty, or province over which Quinsai presided.—E.
 Either this computation, or that of the duty
on salt, is erroneous. If
8 tomans are 6,400,000 ducats, 210 tomans would amount to 168,000,000,
instead of the sum in the text. If the latter computation be right,
16,800,000 ducats from 210 tomans; the duty on salt, or 8 tomans,
ought only to have been 640,000 ducats, which appears to be the truth.
The whole revenue, therefore, of the province, will be 17,440,000
ducats, equal to L. 2,911,250 Sterling, at 3s. 7d. the ducat.—E.
 Besides the utter discrepancy of these names
to those of any cities
now in China, it appears obvious, that the direction of the itinerary
in the text is erroneous or corrupted. We have been already on the
ocean or bay of Nankin, the eastern boundary of China and of the land;
yet the text persists continually to travel south-east, which is
impossible. The direction of the itinerary must have been westwards,
 This was probably Turmeric, so much used in the
though it is the root which is employed.—E.
 Obviously what are now called Friesland, but
more properly frizzled
 In the manufacture of sugar it is necessary to
neutralize a certain
redundant acid in the juice of the cane, by a fit proportion of some
alkaline ingredient to enable the sugar to crystallize: The ordinary
temper, as it is called, for this purpose, in the West Indies, is
lime, but any alkali will produce nearly the same effect. This subject
will be fully elucidated in that part of our work which is peculiarly
appropriated to the sugar colonies in the West Indies,—E.
 There can hardly be a doubt that the Zaiturn
of Marco is the modern
Canton; yet from the causes already mentioned in several notes, it is
next to an impossibility to trace the route or itinerary from Quinsai
to this place.—E.
 This is an obvious error, corruption, or interpolation;
for on no
conceivable hypothesis of the situations of Quinsai and Zaitum, can
any river be found in China which answers to this description.—E.