Caramoran or Hora-moran, is the Hoang-ho, or
Yellow river; and it must
be allowed, that the distance which is placed in the text, between
Singui-matu and this river, is quite hostile to the idea mentioned in
the preceding note, of Tsingo and Singui-matu being the same place.
The only other situation in all China which accords with the two
canals, or rivers, communicating both with Kathay and Mangi, is
Yotcheou on the Tong-ting-hou lake, which is on the Kian-ku river, and
at a sufficient distance from the Hoang-ho to agree with the text. In
the absence of all tolerable certainty, conjecture seems allowable.
 There are no Chinese cities, in our maps, that,
in the least
appearance of sound, correspond with the names of these towns or
cities near the mouth of the Hoang-ho. Hoain-gin is the only large
city near its mouth, and that is not on its banks. All therefore that
can be said, is, that the two cities in the text must have stood on
opposite sides of the Hoang-ho in the days of Marco Polo.—E.
An account of the Kingdom of Mangi, and the manner of its Reduction under the dominion of the Great Khan; together with some Notices of its various Provinces and Cities.
The kingdom of Mangi is the richest and most famous of all that are to be found in the east. In the year 1269, this kingdom was governed by a king named Fanfur, who was richer and more powerful than any who had reigned there for an hundred years. Fanfur maintained justice and internal peace in his dominions, so that no one dared to offend his neighbour, or to disturb the peace, from dread of prompt, severe, and impartial justice; insomuch, that the artificers would often leave their shops, filled with valuable commodities, open in the night, yet no one would presume to enter them. Travellers and strangers travelled in safety through his whole dominions by day or night. He was merciful to the poor, and carefully provided for such as were oppressed by poverty or sickness, and every year took charge of 20,000 infants who were deserted by their mothers from poverty, all of whom he bred up till they were able to work at some trade. But in process of time, betaking himself more to pleasures than was fit, he employed his whole time in delights, in the midst of 1000 concubines. His capital was encompassed with ditches full of water; but Fanfur was entirely addicted to the arts of peace, and so beloved of his subjects for his justice and charity, that, trusting to their numbers and attachment, and to the natural strength and resources of the country, both king and people neglected the use of arms, keeping no cavalry in pay, because they feared no one, and believed themselves invincible.