This passage is erroneous or corrupted. In
travelling westwards up the
Araxes or Araz, he had Persia on his left, to the south, Georgia on
his right, to the north, and the Caspian sea and mountains of the
Iron-gate were left behind him, to the east and north-east.—E.
 Arz-roum on the Frat or Euphrates, perhaps a
corruption of Arx-
romanorum; as the Turks give the name of Roum to a part of Lesser
Asia; and all the eastern nations call the Constantinopolitan empire
Roum to this day.—E.
 Turkey, in these travels of Rubruquis, is always,
to be understood as
referring to the Turkish dominion in Asia Minor, of which Konieh or
Iconium was the capital.—E.
 Nak-sivan, or Nag-jowan.—E.
 This must be an error for eighty.—E.
 Rubruquis here tells a long story of an Armenian
prophecy, from which
they expected to be freed from the iron yoke of the Tartars, by St
Louis, not worth inserting.—E.
 Kurke or Kurch.—E.
 Aias-cala, in the gulf of Aiasso, or Scanderoon.—E.
 Antioch or Antakia.—E.
 Ptolomais, or St John d’Acre.—E.
Travels of Haitho, Prince of Armenia, in Tartary, in 1254 .
Haitho, or Hatto, was the son of Livon, or Leon II., nephew of Haitho I., king of Armenia Minor, in Lesser Asia. At the demise of his father, he refused to accept of the crown, which he resigned in favour of his brother Thores or Theodore; but assisted him and his son and successor, Leon III., in all the wars and troubles in which they were engaged during many years. During the reign of his father in 1254, accompanied by his wife and child, he travelled to the court of Mangu-khan, the great sovereign of the Tartars or Mongals, for the purpose of obtaining an abatement of the tribute which had been imposed by these conquerors upon his country, and appears to have been successful in his negotiations. His journey into the east took place in the same year in which Rubruquis was on his return; and while at the court or leskar of Sartach, he was of material service to two of the attendants of Rubruquis, who had been left at that station; and who but for his interference must have perished by famine, or would have been reduced to slavery. Forster asserts that Haitho met with Rubruquis, who was then on his return home; but we have already seen, in the account of the travels of Rubruquis, that the two travellers did not meet.