After this Wasilico sent us forward to Kiow, the chief city of Russia, under the conduct of one of his servants; in which journey we were in great danger of our lives from the Lithuanians, who often invaded the borders of Russia in the very places through which we had to pass; but by means of this servant we were secured against any injury from the Russians, of whom indeed the greater part had been slain, or carried into captivity by the Tartars. In this journey we had almost perished of cold at Danilou, through the prodigious depth of the snow, although we travelled in a wagon. On our arrival at Kiow, and consulting with the millenary, and other nobles, respecting our farther journey, we were advised not to carry the horses we then had into Tartary, as they would all certainly die by the way, as they were not used to dig under the snow in search of grass like the Tartar horses, and no food could be procured for them, as the Tartars make no provision of hay or straw, or any other provender, against winter. We determined therefore to leave them behind, under the care of two servants, till our return, and by means of presents, we prevailed on the millenary to allow us post-horses and a guide. We began our journey on the second day after the Purification, and arrived at Canow, which was under the immediate dominion of the Tartars. The governor allowed us horses, and a guide to another town, of which one Micheas, a most malicious person, was governor; who, gained by our presents, conducted us to the first station of the Tartars.
 The journal of Carpini begins here, that of Asceline never appears.—E.
 At this period Jeroslaw, or Jeroslaus, was grand
duke of Wolodimir or
Wladimire, then considered as the sovereigns of Russia, who was
succeeded by Alexander.—Playf. Syst. of Chronol. Wasilico,
therefore, or Wasile, must have been a subordinate duke, or a junior
member of the reigning family.—E.
 There is a town named Danilovska, near the S.
E. frontiers of European
 From this circumstance, it may be presumed that
Kiow was then occupied
by a guard of Tartars, under a commander of a thousand men.—E.
 This was the 4th February, probably of 1247.—E.