Beacon Lights of History, Volume 05 eBook

John Lord
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 266 pages of information about Beacon Lights of History, Volume 05.
the rich and churches for the poor,—­if the lines of society must be drawn somewhere,—­let those architects be employed who understand, at least, the first principles of their art.  I do not mean those who learn to draw pictures in the back room of a studio, but conscientious men, if you cannot find sensible men.  And let the pulpit itself be situated where the people can hear the speaker easily, without straining their eyes and ears.  Then only will the speaker’s voice ring and kindle and inspire those who come together to hear God Almighty’s message; then only will he be truly eloquent and successful, since then only does his own electricity permeate the whole mass; then only can he be effective, and escape the humiliation of being only a part of a vain show, where his words are disregarded and his strength is wasted in the echoes of vaults and recesses copied from the gloomy though beautiful monuments of ages which can never, never again return, any more than can “the granite image worship of the Egyptians, the oracles of Dodona, or the bulls of the Mediaeval popes.”

AUTHORITIES.

Fergusson’s History of Architecture; Durand’s Parallels; Eastlake’s
Gothic and Revival; Ruskin, Daly, and Penrose; Britton’s Cathedrals and
Architectural Antiquities; Pugin’s Specimens and Examples of Gothic
Architecture; Rickman’s Styles of Gothic Architecture; Street’s Gothic
Architecture in Spain; Encyclopaedia Britannica (article Architecture).

JOHN WYCLIF.

* * * * *

A.D. 1324-1384.

DAWN OF THE REFORMATION.

The name of Wyclif suggests the dawn of the Protestant Reformation; and the Reformation suggests the existence of evils which made it a necessity.  I do not look upon the Reformation, in its earlier stages, as a theological movement.  In fact, the Catholic and Protestant theology, as expounded and systematized by great authorities, does not materially differ from that of the Fathers of the Church.  The doctrines of Augustine were accepted equally by Thomas Aquinas and John Calvin.  What is called systematic divinity, as taught in our theological seminaries, is a series of deductions from the writings of Paul and other apostles, elaborately and logically drawn by Athanasius, Jerome, Augustine, and other lights of the early Church, which were defended in the Middle Ages with amazing skill and dialectical acuteness by the Scholastic doctors, with the aid of the method which Aristotle, the greatest logician of antiquity, bequeathed to philosophy.  Neither Luther nor Calvin departed essentially from these great deductions on such vital subjects as the existence and attributes of God, the Trinity, sin and its penalty, redemption, grace, and predestination.  The creeds of modern Protestant churches are in harmony with the writings of both the Fathers and the Scholastic doctors on the fundamental principles of Christianity. 

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Beacon Lights of History, Volume 05 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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