The Father of British Canada: a Chronicle of Carleton eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 160 pages of information about The Father of British Canada.

He lived to become a wonderful link with the past.  When he died at home in England he was in the sixty-seventh year of his connection with the Army and in the eighty-fifth of his age.  More than any other man of note he brought the days of Marlborough into touch with those of Wellington, though a century lay between.  At the time he received his first commission most of the senior officers were old Marlburians.  At the time of his death Nelson had already won Trafalgar, Napoleon had already been emperor of the French for nearly three years, and Wellington had already begun the great Peninsular campaigns.  Carleton’s own life thus constitutes a most remarkable link between two very different eras of Imperial history.  But he and his wife together constitute a still more remarkable link between two eras of Canadian history which are still farther apart.  At first sight it seems almost impossible that he, who was the trusted friend o Wolfe, and she, who learned deportment at Versailles in the reign of Louis Quinze, should together make up a living link between 1690, when Frontenac saved Quebec from the American Colonials under Phips, and 1867, when the new Dominion was proclaimed there.  But it is true.  Carleton, born in the first quarter of the eighteenth century, knew several old men who had served at the Battle of the Boyne, which was fought three months before Frontenac sent his defiance to Phips ‘from the mouth of my cannon.’  Carleton’s wife, living far on into the second quarter of the nineteenth century, knew several rising young men who saw the Dominion of Canada well started on its great career.

All Carleton’s sons went into the Army and all died on active service.  The fourth was killed in 1814 at Bergen-op-Zoom carrying the same sword that Carleton himself had used there sixty-seven years before.  A picture of the first siege of Bergen-op-Zoom hangs in the dining-room of the family seat at Greywell Hill to remind successive generations of their martial ancestors.  But no Carleton needs to be reminded of a man’s first duty at the call to arms.  The present holder of the Dorchester estates and title is a woman.  But her son and heir went straight to the front with the cavalry of the first British army corps to take the field in Belgium during the Great World War of 1914.

Carleton spent most of his last twelve years at Kempshot near Basingstoke because he kept his stud there and horses were his chief delight.  But he died at Stubbings, his place near Maidenhead beside the silver Thames, on the 10th of November 1808.

Thus, after an unadventurous youth and early manhood, he spent his long maturity steering the ship of state through troublous seas abroad; then passed life’s evening in the quiet haven of his home.


The Seigneurs and the Loyalists, both closely associated with Carleton’s Canadian career, are treated in two volumes of the present Series:  The Seigneurs of Old Canada and The United Empire Loyalists.  Two other volumes also provide profitable reading:  The War Chief of the Six Nations:  A Chronicle of Brant, the Indian leader who was to Carleton’s day what Tecumseh was to Brock’s, and The War Chief of the Ottawas:  A Chronicle of the Pontiac War.

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The Father of British Canada: a Chronicle of Carleton from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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