The Old Man and the Sea | Critical Essay by Robert O. Stephens

This literature criticism consists of approximately 16 pages of analysis & critique of The Old Man and the Sea.
This section contains 4,722 words
(approx. 16 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Critical Essay by Robert O. Stephens

Critical Essay by Robert O. Stephens

SOURCE: "Hemingway's Old Man and the Iceberg," in Modern Fiction Studies, Vol. VII, No. 4, Winter, 1961-62, pp. 295-304.

In the following essay, Stephens argues that The Old Man and the Sea is the most perfect expression and "crest of the iceberg" in Hemingway's tragic visionwhich pervades all of his workof man as animal attempting to transcend his animal nature.

When Ernest Hemingway told George Plimpton of The Paris Review about his iceberg theory of writing, he pointed to The Old Man and the Sea as a prime example of such writing. According to the theory, "I always try to write on the principle of the iceberg. There is seven-eighths of it under water for every part that shows."1 The sea novel in respect to style fits the theory, Hemingway pointed out, in that he...

(read more)

This section contains 4,722 words
(approx. 16 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Critical Essay by Robert O. Stephens