The Old Man and the Sea | Critical Essay by Wolfgang Wittkowski

This literature criticism consists of approximately 35 pages of analysis & critique of The Old Man and the Sea.
This section contains 10,264 words
(approx. 35 pages at 300 words per page)
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Critical Essay by Wolfgang Wittkowski

SOURCE: "Crucified in the Ring: Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea" in The Hemingway Review, Vol. III, No. 1, Fall, 1983, pp. 2-17.

In the following essay, Wittkowski contends that Santiago's struggle and suffering are patterned after that of the bullfighter and Christ on the Cross, and further that the ideal of the fighter-athlete in the novella encompasses and takes the place of the ideal of Christ.

When The Old Man and the Sea appeared in 1952, Philip Young wrote that it was a metaphor for life as a fight and man as a fighter. It was a metaphor for which Hemingway indicated his deep respect and enlists ours through the enhancing use of Christian symbols.1 That was the impression of most readers then and probably is still today. However, in 1956 Carlos Baker gave a new twist to the critical discussion of...

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This section contains 10,264 words
(approx. 35 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Critical Essay by Wolfgang Wittkowski