Candide | Literature Criticism Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener

This literature criticism consists of approximately 35 pages of analysis & critique of Candide.
This section contains 10,464 words
(approx. 35 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener

Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener

SOURCE: Keener, Frederick M. “Candide: Structure and Motivation.” In The Chain of Becoming: The Philosophical Tale, the Novel, and a Neglected Realism of the Enlightenment: Swift, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Johnson, and Austen, pp. 194-216. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.

In this essay, originally published in 1979, Keener focuses on the characterization of Candide, contending that despite Voltaire's use of him as a marionette in the work, he deserves consideration as a character.

Enlightenment is man's leaving his self-caused immaturity. Immaturity is the incapacity to use one's intelligence without the guidance of another. … I do not have any need to think; if I can pay, others will take over the tedious job for me.

—Kant, “What is Enlightenment?”1

That Candide the character is a marionette has become a commonplace in...

(read more)

This section contains 10,464 words
(approx. 35 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener