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Critical Essay | Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener

This literature criticism consists of approximately 35 pages of analysis & critique of Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener.
This section contains 10,464 words
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Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener

SOURCE: Keener, Frederick M. “Candide: Structure and Motivation.” In The Chain of Becoming: The Philosophical Tale, the Novel, and a Neglected Realism of the Enlightenment: Swift, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Johnson, and Austen, pp. 194-216. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.

In this essay, originally published in 1979, Keener focuses on the characterization of Candide, contending that despite Voltaire's use of him as a marionette in the work, he deserves consideration as a character.

Enlightenment is man's leaving his self-caused immaturity. Immaturity is the incapacity to use one's intelligence without the guidance of another. … I do not have any need to think; if I can pay, others will take over the tedious job for me.

—Kant, “What is Enlightenment?”1

That Candide the character is a marionette has become a commonplace in...

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This section contains 10,464 words
(approx. 35 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener - Critical Essay by Frederick M. Keener
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