Octavia E. Butler | Critical Review by Orson Scott Card

This literature criticism consists of approximately 4 pages of analysis & critique of Octavia E. Butler.
This section contains 921 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
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Critical Review by Orson Scott Card

SOURCE: A review of Mind of My Mind, Patternmaster, and Survivor, in Fantasy & Science Fiction, January, 1992, pp. 52-4.

In the following review, Card praises Butler for her development of the "psi" theme in her Patternist novels.

It's odd, I know, to review novels that are out of print or available only in British editions. But Octavia Butler is far too important a novelist—and these books are far too powerful—to be languishing out of print in the United States.

While it's true that her Xenogenesis books (Dawn, Adulthood Rites, Imago) are more satisfying as hard science fiction, and show how much power her storytelling has gained in the years of her career, the fact remains that these are wonderful, inventive novels that deserve to be read. They are even worth hunting down from mail-order and specialty stores until such time as a U.S. publisher gets on the stick and reissues them.

Those of you who have read Wild Seed, Butler's brilliant novel about Doro, the immortal who lives through the centuries by leaping from body to body as each one dies, and Emma, the shape-changing woman who learns to accommodate him and still find a measure of freedom and respect under his rule, know exactly what Butler is able to do with the "psi" theme that is so easily overdone. Indeed, from the copyright dates on the other novels in this series, one can suppose that she developed this future history during the late sixties or early seventies, when Zenna Henderson and other writers had brought psi stories to a position of temporary dominance in the field, rather the way that cyberpunk brought us a temporary oversupply of stories about computer-brain interfaces and criminal jet-sets.

But because she is Octavia Butler, her psi stories—even the earliest of them—have something special. In many ways, Patternmaster, which is the earliest of the Wild Seed books in copyright and the latest in storyline, is more magic romance than hard science fiction, as she follows the younger son of the Patternmaster on his quest to win free of his vicious older brother as he positions himself to succeed their father in control of the network of psionically gifted masters of the civilized world. Yet even in this early novel we can see Butler's keen sense of truth at work, making characters more real than they ever needed to be for this sort of tale. More important, we already can see her touching on the issues of freedom and slavery, power and responsibility that have made all her writings such vibrant studies of the ethics of power and submission. Butler understands as so few other writers do (least of all the libertarians) that some freedom must always be surrendered in order to retain any power to act at all. Her characters are faced with devastatingly difficult choices, and often take the less honorable but more practical choice of surviving in a world where they cannot act on their real preferences.

Survivor is another early work, in some ways only peripherally connected to Patternmaster and Wild Seed, but again dealing with a character who has to surrender some of her personal choices in order to stay alive long enough to have hope of a final victory. An outcast, she is taken in by missionaries who are leaving an Earth ravaged by war between psis and "clayarks." On another planet they are determined to maintain the purity of the human species, but instead find themselves being used as tools in a struggle between two rival bands of aliens. Only Alanna realizes that they have chosen the wrong side in this struggle, and will surely be destroyed.

Mind of My Mind is the immediate sequel to Wild Seed, and for those of us who loved that story (I even used it as my example of how science fiction exposition is handled in my book on writing s[cience] f[iction] and fantasy), it is a very satisfying continuation, though I was devastated at the rather callous way she concluded the final struggle between Doro and Mary, the first Patternmaster, and was also disappointed at how little use Butler made of Emma, whom I truly came to love in Wild Seed. But those are standard sequel-quibbles—that the author was too heartless with characters who loomed so large in earlier books! The new characters in Mind of My Mind are just as alive as any in Wild Seed, and Butler's exploration of people who are used to power and suddenly find themselves under someone else's control is clear-headed and brutally unsentimental. As always in Butler's best work, we're never quite sure whom to root for, for when it comes to power, no one who has it is pure, and yet it is easy to lose sympathy or interest in those who lack it. You are never quite sure where Butler herself stands on any of these moral issues, as she keeps subverting every moral position you suspect she has taken, until you finally realize that she has no "position" at all, except to observe: This is how power works, and how decent people try to control it, and how inevitably they fall short of their aspirations.

I look forward to hearing of all these books being back in print. If you haven't read Butler, you don't yet understand how rich the possibilities of science fiction can be. And the more you read her work, the better you understand how science fiction is the genre of literature best suited to teach us about the real world.

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This section contains 921 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Critical Review by Orson Scott Card
Literature Criticism Series
Critical Review by Orson Scott Card from Literature Criticism Series. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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