Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan Biography

This Biography consists of approximately 4 pages of information about the life of Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan.
This section contains 904 words
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Encyclopedia of World Biography on Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan

Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan (died 680) was the founder of the Umayyad dynasty of caliphs. His clan, which had resisted Mohammed and his message longest and most vehemently, eventually won political control over the Islamic community.

As son of Abu Sufyan, one of the leaders of the Meccan opposition to Mohammed, Muawiya did not adopt Islam until the conquest of Mecca in 630. Muawiya at this time was made secretary to the Prophet, but it was as a warrior in the army sent by the caliph Abu Bakr to conquer Syria that Muawiya first distinguished himself in the Moslem community.

Building a Power Base

As a result of his military exploits, Muawiya was awarded the governorship of Damascus and, under the caliph Omar, became governor over all Syria, in which capacity he served for 20 years. He built the province into a base of support on which he was...

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This section contains 904 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan Biography
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Encyclopedia of World Biography
Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan from Encyclopedia of World Biography. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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