Mehmet Ziya Gökalp Biography

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Encyclopedia of World Biography on Mehmet Ziya Gökalp

Mehmet Ziya Gökalp (ca. 1875-1924) was a Turkish publicist and pioneer sociologist. He was influenced by modern western European, especially French and German, thought and elaborated an ideology of Turkish nationalism which was largely implemented, after his death, by Kemal Atatürk.

Ziya Gökalp (this last name, Old Turkish "Sky hero," was originally a pen name;) was born in Diyarbakir in southeastern Anatolia either on an unknown date in 1875 or on March 23, 1876. After attending a local secondary school, he arrived in the capital, Constantinople (Istanbul), in 1896. He had already imbibed the liberal and reformist ideas which were associated with what became the Committee of Union and Progress, and his attitudes soon attracted the attention of the despotic Sultan Abdul-Hamid II's secret police, leading to Gökalp's imprisonment for a year.

The Young Turk Revolution of 1908 enabled Gökalp...

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This section contains 420 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Mehmet Ziya Gökalp Biography
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Mehmet Ziya Gökalp from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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