Joseph, II Biography

This Biography consists of approximately 5 pages of information about the life of Joseph, II.
This section contains 1,211 words
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Encyclopedia of World Biography on Joseph, II

Joseph II (1741-1790) was Holy Roman emperor from 1765 to 1790. He is one of the best examples of Europe's enlightened despots.

Born in Vienna on March 13, 1741, the first son of Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria, and Francis Stephen of Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Joseph achieved his first triumph merely by being born a boy. A year earlier, as Joseph's grandfather Charles VI left no male heirs, Maria Theresa had succeeded to the hereditary dominions of the house of Hapsburg. Her succession, challenged by Frederick II of Prussia, had unleashed a general European war (War of the Austrian Succession), and the fact that Maria Theresa had previously given birth to three daughters had raised further questions about the succession.

The War of the Austrian Succession cost the house of Austria one of its richest provinces, Silesia, a loss confirmed in the Seven Years War (1756-1763). Maria Theresa and her...

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This section contains 1,211 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Joseph, II Biography
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Joseph, II from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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