Henry Cort Biography

This Biography consists of approximately 2 pages of information about the life of Henry Cort.
This section contains 419 words
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Encyclopedia of World Biography on Henry Cort

The English ironmaster Henry Cort (1740-1800) made possible the large-scale and inexpensive conversion of cast iron into wrought iron, one of the most essential materials of the early industrial revolution.

Henry Cort was born in Lancaster. His father was a mason and brickmaster. Young Cort became a supplier of naval provisions and by the 1770s had accumulated a small fortune.

In 1775, after years of experimenting with improved methods for wrought-iron production, Cort purchased a forge and slitting mill at Fontley. He tried to find an easy way to convert cast iron into wrought iron; traditionally a smith had hammered the iron in a forge. He patented grooved rollers in 1783 which replaced most of the hammering. By 1784 Cort worked out a process of pudding, whereby molten pig iron was stirred in a reverberatory furnace. As the iron was decarbonized by air, it became thicker, and balls of "puddled" iron...

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This section contains 419 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Henry Cort Biography
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Henry Cort from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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