Edward Chace Tolman Biography

This Biography consists of approximately 2 pages of information about the life of Edward Chace Tolman.
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Encyclopedia of World Biography on Edward Chace Tolman

Edward Chace Tolman (1886-1959) was an American psychologist and one of the leaders of the behaviorist movement. For Tolman, behavior consists of deliberate acts guided by purposes and expectations.

Edward Tolman was born on April 14, 1886, in Newton, Mass. After graduation from the Newton public schools in 1907 and from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1911, he did graduate study in psychology at Harvard. At Harvard (1911-1915) Tolman witnessed the initial reaction of the academic world to two new sets of psychological ideas: those of the Gestalt psychologists (Wolfgang Köhler, Kurt Koffka, and Max Wertheimer) and those of John B. Watson, the behaviorist.

Tolman's later theory of behavior is rooted in these two schools. From Gestalt psychology he borrowed the idea of pattern: in Tolman's theory, perception, motivation, and cognition are regarded as processes in which patterns of stimulation are identified and interpreted and patterns of reactions are...

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This section contains 461 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Edward Chace Tolman Biography
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Edward Chace Tolman from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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