Everything you need to understand or teach The Woman Who Had Two Navels by Joaquin, Nick.
Nick Joaquin's collection of short stories, The Woman Who Had Two Navels and Tales of the Tropical Gothic, contains tales spanning primarily the nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries in Manila, capturing a tumultuous and transformative era in Filipino culture with the effects of colonization and modernization. Each story, and one longer play in three acts entitled "A Portrait of the Artist as a Filipino," are peppered with folklore and remnants of traditional oral storytelling, often containing magical or supernatural elements. The characters are often torn between the traditional world and the modern world, grappling with changing perceptions of men and women, marriage, religion, and national identity, and plagued by passion and anguish in equal measure. Joaquin's use of magical realism and gothic tropes reinvent our understanding of Filipino culture, by merging the folklore of the traditional world with the alienation and mystery of the modern era, cobbling together a national identity that brings just as much unease as it brings societal progress.