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The Memorandum Summary
Václav Havel

Everything you need to understand or teach The Memorandum by Václav Havel.

  • The Memorandum Summary & Study Guide
  • 30 The Memorandum Lessons
  • 20 Activities
  • 180 Multiple Choice Questions
  • 60 Short Essay Questions
  • 20 Essay Questions
  • Pre-Made Tests and Quizzes
  • ...and more

The Memorandum Summary


The Memorandum (Vyrozumeni) is one of the best known and most popular plays by Czechoslovakia's (later the Czech Republic's) best known playwrights, Vaclav Havel. Inspired by the absurdities of life in Eastern Europe under Communism, Havel began writing the satirical play as early as 1960. Rewritten many times over the next few years, The Memorandum became the second of Havel's plays produced at Prague's Theatre of the Balustrade, where he was then literary manager. The play made its American debut in 1968 at the Shakespeare Festival's Public Theatre. This production of The Memorandum won an Obie Award for best foreign play. The Memorandum was first produced in London in 1977, and has been revived regularly around the world.

Like much of Havel's writing, The Memorandum is political, at least implicitly. The play concerns the tribulations of Josef Gross, the managing director of an organization encumbered by a bureaucracy that is out of...

(read more from the Study Guide)

Study Pack

The The Memorandum Study Pack contains about 84 pages of study material in 4 products, including:

The Memorandum Study Guide

Lesson Plan

All teaching products sold separately.

The Memorandum Lesson Plans contain 143 pages of teaching material, including:

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