Overview: Physical Sciences 2000 B.c. to A.d. 699
When did the study of physical science begin? The Sumerians, who created the first civilization in Mesopotamia around 3200 B.C., were ruled by a relat...
Overview: Physical Sciences
The year 700 was a turning point in history because it marked the beginning of the medieval era. In the west, small European kingdoms began to unite into larger on...
Overview: Physical Sciences 1450-1699
The Medieval Foundation
Medieval science and intellectual thought were based not on direct observation and experience, but were heavily influenced by the Aristote...
Overview: Physical Sciences 1700-1799
During the 1500s, Polish astronomer Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543) proposed that Earth orbits around the sun rather than vice versa. Copernicus's ...
Overview: Physical Sciences 1800-1899
The end of the eighteenth century found two basic Newtonian ideas triumphant. Scientists carefully experimented with natural phenomena and measured important feat...
Overview: Physical Sciences 1900-1949
By the dawn of the twentieth century, more than two centuries had elapsed since the publication of Isaac Newton's (1642-1727) Principia, which set forth th...
Overview: Physical Sciences 1950-Present
The Legacy of 1900-1949
In the first half of the twentieth century, modern physics emerged out of a watershed of theory and discovery concerning the realm of t...