Women and Women's Writings from Antiquity Through the Middle Ages
Women in the Ancient World
Women in the Medieval World
Women in Classical Art...
The Middle Ages
Most of what St. Augustine (354–430) had to say about language and meaning was said not for its own sake but in support or elucidation of some theological doctrine...
The Fall of the Roman Empire
The Slavs and the Huns
The Germanic "Successor States"
The Ostrogoths and Visigoths
The Carolingian Dynasty
The End of the Empire
The Age of Feudalism
The Middle Ages. The thoughts, beliefs, and values of medieval Europeans were dramatically different from those of modern people. Europeans living in postmedieval periods such as the Renaissance and t...
Circa 4 Million To 1 Million B.C.E.
Circa 1.5 Million To 200,000 B.C.E.
Circa 1,000,000-10,000 B.C.E.
Circa 250,000 B.C.E.
Circa 40,000 B.C.E.
Circa 8000 B.C.E.
Circa 4000-3500 B.C.E.
The Roots of Medieval Religion and Philosophy. Traditionally, medieval Christianity is said to have begun in about the year 313, when Roman Emperor Constantine I extended legal tolerance to the Christ...
Consent in Marriage. By the twelfth century, European civilization had been transformed from a tribal to a feudal system. One profound change during this process, which affected all aspects of society...
A Society of Orders. In the eleventh century Bishop Adalbero of Laon wrote a poem to King Robert of France that included the following lines: "Triple then is the house of God which is thought to be on...
Clarification. Most historians interpret the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 as the date for the beginning of the formation of the Middle Ages, and they see the discovery of America in 1492 as the end...
Emerging Stability. In Europe several centuries of unsettled conditions and regress followed closely upon the collapse of the Roman Imperial civilization (476) in the Mediterranean basin. The so-calle...
The Times. In the early ninth century the Carolingian king Charlemagne formally expressed his wish to divide his realm among his sons after his death. His will was respected, and the first strong medi...
Defining the Medieval "Arts." During the Middle Ages definitions of the arts were based on assumptions about their value and their production. In general, the arts required specific abilities and trai...
Modern Misconception. Most people assume that medieval Europeans had little knowledge of the world outside the boundaries of their homes. That was not the case. From the onset of the Middle Ages, Euro...
During the Middle Ages, England, France, and Germany were groups of small local areas governed by the local noble. Each area had its own laws and customs. The only reason that the states were had diff...
After the fall of Rome, Europe went into the middle ages. When Rome fell, there was no longer a central government. The kings each had their own cities, so they brought along feudalism.
Each king ha...
Throughout history, the Middle Ages was most often recognized by many as a period of chaos and instability. Ranging from 500-1400 A.D, the Medieval era was first marked with times of warfare ...