Everything you need to understand or teach Journey Through Genius by William Dunham (mathematician).
Journey Through Genius: The Great Theorems of Mathematics is a survey of twelve great theorems selected by author William Dunham for the importance to the field of mathematics as well as for how they represent the prevailing ideas and ideals of the times in which they appear.
Dunham takes a chronological path through the subject, beginning with the ancient Greeks and the thinkers centered in Alexandria, the site of the greatest collection of learning in the ancient world. Beginning with Hippocrates of Chios, Dunham introduces Euclid, whose geometry text is still taught today, Archimedes, the absent-minded inventor and thinker who accurately estimates the value of π, and Heron, who furthers the analysis of the triangle. These three mathematicians have an impact so great nobody approaches their advances for many centuries.
Dunham picks up the thread in the 16th century with the eccentric and superstitious Gerolamo Cardano who is jailed...
Journey Through Genius: The Great Theorems of Mathematics Lesson Plans contain 135 pages of teaching material, including: