History of film Summary

Everything you need to understand or teach History of film.

  • 34 Encyclopedia Articles

Study Pack

The History of film Study Pack contains:

Encyclopedia Articles (34)

13,489 words, approx. 45 pages
Avant-Garde Cinema of the Seventies The writing of any history of the avant-garde in the arts is an undertaking fraught with difficulties due to the esoteric nature of much experimental work. When th... Read more
11,741 words, approx. 40 pages
Full-Length Programs:Fights, Passion Plays, and Travel In the post-novelty period, exhibitors played a key creative role in the motion picture field. Their claims to authorship were indeed often merit... Read more
7,578 words, approx. 26 pages
General Flimco and the Pushcart Peddlers The unsteadiness of the pictures sent out by an American independent manufacturer who makes a specialty of depicting Western scenes in the wild woods of New J... Read more
933 words, approx. 4 pages
Hearing the Audience We do not create the types of entertainment, we merely present them. People see . . . a reflection of their own average thoughts and attitudes. If the reflection is much lower or ... Read more
7,309 words, approx. 25 pages
Hollywood Faces New Challenges Hollywood's great and golden era was the two decades between the advent of synchronous sound motion-picture production in 1927 and the peak years for movie theater atten... Read more
9,685 words, approx. 33 pages
Independents, Packaging, and Inflationary Pressure in 1980s Hollywood The seventy-fifth anniversary edition of Variety, dated 14 January 1981, split its financial page between two different stories: ... Read more
3,755 words, approx. 13 pages
Introduction: A Decade of Change If, as Joan Didion has written, the deal is the true art form of Hollywood, the masters of this art are the tax shelter specialists. MARIE BRENNER, JOURNALIST, 1977 ... Read more
9,827 words, approx. 33 pages
Introduction: The Uncertainty of Sound The serious problem of injecting sound into the now silent drama is in the offing. What producers will do in this regard, of course, is an unknown factor MAURIC... Read more
12,746 words, approx. 43 pages
Motion Picture Exhibition in 1970s America On the surface, the exhibition side of the movie industry seemed stable during the 1970s. While the major Hollywood studios struggled to redefine themselves... Read more
9,088 words, approx. 31 pages
Orders of Magnitude II: Costs, Agents, Stars When you don't get participation, your front money naturally accelerates .... The best participation is if you can get gross from every boxoffice dollar T... Read more
7,903 words, approx. 27 pages
Outside the Mainstream Sound opened new possibilities for bringing previously unheard voices and languages to Hollywood. The precursor was definitely radio, which was broadcasting regional songs (for ... Read more
16,690 words, approx. 56 pages
Selling Stars The conversion to sound and the ordeal of the Depression left the star system firmly in the grip of the producers. As Alexander Walker put it, "the star system in the 1930s gradually too... Read more
8,589 words, approx. 29 pages
Sound and Music The Historical Primacy of Dialogue Sound The coming of synchronous sound to the motion pictures in 1927 with THE JAZZ SINGER introduced a new aesthetic based on the relationship of the... Read more
19,654 words, approx. 66 pages
Technological Innovation and Aesthetic Response I like to compare this revolution [in cinematography] offast lenses plus pushed developmnent to painting.... Impressionism also came out of a technolog... Read more
10,273 words, approx. 35 pages
The Film Industry in the Late 1950s By 1955 the film industry's attempt to overcome the challenge of television and reestablish its dominance in audio-visual entertainment had clearly failed. Many exc... Read more
17,620 words, approx. 59 pages
The Industry at the Damn of the Decade As the 1980s began, the Hollywood industry was poised for five straight years of record box-office returns. Industry grosses climbed steadily, from $2.8 billion ... Read more
11,909 words, approx. 40 pages
The Transition to Story Films: 1903 1904 The American film industry was entering a new phase of rapid expansion by mid-to-late 1903, and a key factor in this revival was the popularity of story films.... Read more
11,763 words, approx. 40 pages
The Well-Tempered Sound Track, 1930-1931 In 1930 regular customers began attending movies less frequently and spending less money. The motion picture industry cut back on production budgets, furlough... Read more
1,861 words, approx. 7 pages
Three Seasons: The Films of 1928-1931 If a revolution is a sudden event which throws over the past regime and substitutes a new oppositional rule, then the conversion to sound was certainly no revolut... Read more
16,144 words, approx. 54 pages
Toward a History of Screen Practice Starting points always present problems for the historian, perhaps because they imply a "before" as well as an "after." For the film historian, "the invention of ci... Read more
1,112 words, approx. 4 pages
A New Era in Electrical Entertainment We wonder-is this the only business in the world that needlessly burns electric lights in broad daylight? MAURICE KANN, 1928 There are no simple technologies. E... Read more
8,115 words, approx. 28 pages
Brand Names and Stars "Whose make is it?" -Two ladies in front of the Herald Square Theater, quoted in the Moving Picture World, 1 November 1913, p. 486 Before the rise of the star system, films wer... Read more
7,599 words, approx. 26 pages
A Game of Freeze-Out There was a time-it was the golden age-when the merchant of films or apparatus did his business directly with the consumer; he knew hint. The business took care of itself because... Read more
12,633 words, approx. 43 pages
Cinema Flourishes Within Its Existing Commercial Framework: 1904-1905 During 1904-1905, the number of exhibition venues increased rapidly and soon reached a saturation point as the industry secured re... Read more
12,739 words, approx. 43 pages
A Period of Commercial Crisis: 1900-1903 By 1900, producers were assuming occasional though still infrequent control over editing and the construction of multi-shot narratives. This slight shift, howe... Read more
3,624 words, approx. 13 pages
1910s: Film and Theater One of many amusements in the 1900s, movies began to compete seriously with books and magazines for people's leisure time in the 1910s. By 1916, twenty-five million Amer... Read more
4,187 words, approx. 14 pages
1920s: Film and Theater The new prosperity that people enjoyed in the 1920s meant that more and more people had the time and money to spend on film and theater tickets. The first "talkies&#x002... Read more
4,593 words, approx. 16 pages
1930s: Tv and Radio Just as the 1930s produced some of the best American movies, it also produced some of the best radio programs, making the decade the golden age of both cinema and radio. More than ... Read more
4,045 words, approx. 14 pages
1940s: Film and Theater Hollywood's golden age had reached a peak by 1940. The eight largest studios (Warner Brothers, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer [MGM], RKO Radio, Twentieth Century Fox, United Artist... Read more
4,907 words, approx. 17 pages
1950s: Film and Theater The biggest problem facing the movie industry in the 1950s was the TV. As sales of TV sets increased, more and more Americans stayed at home—and away from cinemas. This ... Read more
12,875 words, approx. 43 pages
1950s: Tv and Radio Television was introduced to Americans in 1939 and began to gain a foothold after World War II (1939–45). In the 1950s, the sale of TV sets and the boom in programming made ... Read more
7,246 words, approx. 25 pages
1960s: Film and Theater Moviemaking remained in a slump at the start of the 1960s. Moviemakers struggled to come up with successful strategies to combat the rising popularity of television, which kept... Read more
5,882 words, approx. 20 pages
1970s: Film and Theater In the 1970s, the film industry continued to thrive by doing what television could not: telling stories that were more complicated, violent, frightening, or sexy than what coul... Read more
4,018 words, approx. 14 pages
1990s: Film and Theater In the 1990s, special effects continued to dominate the film world. Special effects were used heavily to create the spectacular action that was demanded of every movie studio&#... Read more
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