Chromosome Summary

Everything you need to understand or teach Chromosome.

  • 2 Biographies
  • 22 Encyclopedia Articles
  • ...and more

Study Pack

The Chromosome Study Pack contains:

Encyclopedia Articles (22)

2,130 words, approx. 8 pages
Chromosomal Aberrations Chromosomal aberrations are abnormalities in the structure or number of chromosomes and are often responsible for genetic disorders. For more than a century, scientists have be... Read more
1,249 words, approx. 5 pages
Chromosomal Banding A chromosome banding pattern is comprised of alternating light and dark stripes, or bands, that appear along its length after being stained with a dye. A unique banding pattern is ... Read more
1,166 words, approx. 4 pages
Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance The chromosomal theory of inheritance is the idea that genes, the units of heredity, are physical in nature and are found in the chromosomes. The theory arose at the ... Read more
2,792 words, approx. 10 pages
Chromosome, Eukaryotic Living organisms are divided into two broad categories based upon certain attributes of cell structure. The first category, the prokaryotes, includes bacteria and blue-green alg... Read more
1,431 words, approx. 5 pages
Chromosome, Prokaryotic The bacterial or prokaryotic chromosome differs in many ways from that of the eukaryote. The term "eukaryote" comes from the Greek and means "true nucleus.... Read more
90 words, approx. 1 pages
Chromosome Chromosomes are structures in the nucleus of the cell that contain the DNA or hereditary material which form genes. Genes are the commonly known units of heredity, and some may contribute t... Read more
1,181 words, approx. 4 pages
Chromosomes The genetic material in plants, animals, and fungi is called deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), a long, linear polymer that is physically organized at the microscopic level into chromosomes. Chr... Read more
1,414 words, approx. 5 pages
Chromosomes Chromosomes are microscopic units containing organized genetic information, located in the nuclei of diploid and haploid cells (e.g., human somatic and sex cells), and are also present in ... Read more
527 words, approx. 2 pages
Chromosome Chromosomes are thread-like bodies in the cell nucleus of all plants and animals that hold the genes--the blueprints of heredity. Each chromosome carries a single strand of DNA that threads... Read more
434 words, approx. 2 pages
Chromosome Mapping Also known as cytogenetic mapping or genetic mapping, chromosome mapping is a technique used to locate particular characteristics (coded for by specific genes) on specific chromosom... Read more
529 words, approx. 2 pages
Chromosome Chromosomes are thread-like bodies in the cell nucleus of all plants and animals that hold the genes--the blueprints of heredity. Each chromosome carries a single strand of deoxyribonucleic... Read more
2,020 words, approx. 7 pages
Chromosomal Mutations and Abnormalities Chromosome abnormalities describe alterations in the normal number of chromosomes or structural problems within the chromosomes themselves. Both kinds of chromo... Read more
749 words, approx. 3 pages
Chromosome A chromosome consists of the body's genetic material, the deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, along with many kinds of protein. Chromosomes contain the genes, or segments of DNA, that encode for... Read more
403 words, approx. 2 pages
Chromosome Identification and Banding Each pair of chromosomes in the eukaryotic cell contains a unique set of genes and thus the DNA sequence is also unique for each different chromosome pair. When c... Read more
1,038 words, approx. 4 pages
Chromosome Mapping and Sequencing A chromosome map describes the order of genes and other markers, and the spacing between them on the chromosome. These maps are constructed with different levels of c... Read more
1,123 words, approx. 4 pages
Chromosome Segregation and Rearrangement Chromosome segregation refers to the coordinated movement of chromosomes to opposite poles of the cell during either cellular reproduction (mitosis) or the pro... Read more
1,063 words, approx. 4 pages
Chromosome Structure and Morphology Chromosomes are microscopic units containing organized genetic information, located in the nuclei of diploid and haploid cells (e.g. human somatic and sex cells), a... Read more
485 words, approx. 2 pages
Human Artificial Chromosomes (Hac) Human artificial chromosomes (HAC) are synthetic chromosomes that are structurally similar to normal chromosomes that, in addition to being artificially created, car... Read more
288 words, approx. 1 pages
Sister Chromatid Exchange During the S-phase of the cell cycle, DNA is replicated and each chromosome is present in a duplicated state with the two genetically identical chromatids joined together at ... Read more
1,412 words, approx. 5 pages
Chromosomes, Eukaryotic Chromosomes are microscopic units containing organized genetic information, eukaryotic chromosomes are located in the nuclei of diploid and haploid cells (e.g., human somatic a... Read more
934 words, approx. 4 pages
Chromosomes, Prokaryotic The genetic material of microorganisms, be they prokaryotic or eukaryotic, is arranged in an organized fashion. The arrangement in both cases is referred to as a chromosome. T... Read more
527 words, approx. 2 pages
Chromosome Chromosomes are thread-like bodies in the cell nucleus of all plants and animals that hold the genes--the blueprints of heredity. Each chromosome carries a single strand of DNA that threads... Read more