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Ajax Summary

Everything you need to understand or teach Ajax by Sophocles.

  • Ajax Summary & Study Guide
  • 1 Student Essay
  • 4 Literature Criticism
  • ...and more
  • 30 Ajax Lessons
  • 20 Activities
  • 180 Multiple Choice Questions
  • 60 Short Essay Questions
  • 20 Essay Questions
  • Pre-Made Tests and Quizzes
  • ...and more

Ajax Summary


Ajax is the earliest of Sophocles' s surviving plays. It is thought that the play's first performance took place about 444 B.C., but the exact date is not certain and might have been a few years earlier or later.

The hero of the play, Ajax, illustrates the uncompromising nature of the noble warrior; yet at the same time, he also represents the failings of excess pride, or hubris. Ajax believes that he deserves the armor of Achilles, and he is unable to accept that another warrior has been chosen as more worthy. His pride will not permit him to see the strength of Odysseus, nor will it allow Ajax to recognize his own limitations.

Ajax is a great hero, but he is rigidly defined as the old-fashioned hero - uncompromising and unable to recognize his own weaknesses. It is his rejection of help from the goddess Athena that sets...

(read more from the Study Guide)

Study Pack

The Ajax Study Pack contains about 169 pages of study material in 9 products, including:

Ajax Study Guide

Lesson Plan

All teaching products sold separately.

Ajax Lesson Plans contain 108 pages of teaching material, including:

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