A Pale View of Hills is a novel by Kazuo Ishiguro. The novel follows a Japanese woman named Etsuko, who is living in Nagasaki about a decade after the end of World War Two. Etsuko befriends a windowed single mother named Sachiko. Together, they attempt to face the future in spite of the lingering effects of the destruction wrought upon Japan by the violence of World War Two. The novel explores themes of trauma, optimism, family, history, and repression.